Air way Bill / AWB   is ISSUED 1-3 days before shipment is US port:  
.  a. Export  Freight  Forwarder (EFF) =  ISSUER  Bill  of  Lading (BL) = PRE-ARRANGED  BEFORE leaving  FOREIGN Port, to warehouse//port//Issuer-of-(AN) (AWB) & Etc,
.  b. Import  Freight  Forwarder (IFF) =  ISSUER of  Air way Bill / AWB  (5-7 days BEFORE cargo is in US):  OVERSEER of cargo to  CFS  warehouse//port.  

Bill-of-Lading (BL) (aka: Straight bill of lading (nonnegotiable)  with  Telex-Release /  Surrender /  Express-Release  or  Original-Bill-of-Lading (OBL).  .
Bill-of-Lading (BL) is ISSUED Before leaving foreign port by Shipper/NVOCC/OFF/OTI (Glossary) (What is Bill-of-Lading (BL) (examples of BL) (click here) (Incoterms)
Freight Released is issued by your Import  Freight  Forwarder / IFF (ISSUER of  Arrival Notice = Agent of Bill-of-Lading (BL) / OBL, after you have SATISFY  your IFF  needs
Customs Released is issued by your Customs Broker//US Customs//Agencies, after your shipment is cleared & you have paid your Entry Filing fee, (click here) & look 1-11.

FYI, In an perfect world, consignee will be receiving (But less than 1% is perfect world)
a. Two bill-of-lading (BL):  Before vessel leaving foreign port (Draft BL)  &  after vessel leaves foreign port (commercial BL)
b. Two invoice:  Before vessel leaving foreign port (proforma/draft invoice)  &  after vessel leaves foreign port (commercial invoice)
c. Two arrival notice:  PRE
Air way Bill / AWB, 7 days Before vessel is in US port  &  after/before vessel in US warehouse/port, Final Air way Bill / AWB.  

Page 1. Example of Air-Way-Bill / AWB for Airline
Page 2, 3 & 4  Split shipment
.          a. IF Air shipment Directly with Airline, they will be issuing Air-Way-Bill / AWB (99%)
.          b. But, IF Export Freight Forwarder has issued Bill-of-Lading,  your Import Freight Forwarder will be issuing Airline Air-Way-Bill / AWB  &  Arrival Notice.
.          c. Split ship is charge double, also clearing time will take triple or quadruple of the time normal shipment.
.          d. (Example/look below #1, 2 & 3:   Out of 125 boxes, only 93 got on Airline 10 29 2015,   other 32 was 2 days later 10 31 2015)

- On most of  
Bill-of-Lading,  Notify Party  is known as: Customs Broker,  Customs Agent,  ISF & Entry Filer with Domestic Trucker.
- On most of  
Bill-of-Lading, Issuer of  Arrival Notice  is known as: (Also, after these text, below there are 12 different Bill-of-Lading as examples)
Shipper Agent,  For Delivery of Goods Please Contact,  Forwarding Agent,  Domestic Routing/Export Instructions,  For Release of Shipment please contact,
Delivery Agent,  For delivery please apply to,  Document Presentation,  Cargo Releasing Agent,  For Arrival Info &  Release of Cargo Contact.

FYI, other bill:
Clean Bill Of Lading,  Claused Bill Of Lading (aka "dirty bill of lading" or "foul bill of lading."). Uniform Bill Of Lading,  Bill of Lading,  Bill Of Sale,
Ocean Bill Of Lading,  Inland Bill Of Lading,  Through Bill Of Lading,  STALE Bill Of Lading,  Negotiable bills of Lading,  Functions of bill of lading,  Carrier on bill of lading,  
Lash bill of lading,  Switch bill of lading,  Proforma bill of lading (normally given BEFORE leaving),  Onboard bill of lading (normally given AFTER cargo has LEFT)  
What, How,  When &  Why  bill of lading is use.            (Search by bill of lading >   

Let your supplier(s) do  
Telex-Release /  Surrender /  Express-Release (this will saves time, monies & headache),  but IF you do received a  ORIGINAL-Bill-of-Lading (OBL)
from your shipper/factory/supplier,  "
SIGN / DATE  the OBL (any place on OBL)"    & keep two copy for yourself & Fed-ex/UPS other to "ISSUER of  Arrival Notice = Agent of BL"
Usually, if you received
OBL,  if you made only partial payment & etc  against your shipment to your shipper/factory/supplier, before the shipping. (OBL  =  TITLE to your cargo)

IF Exam is issued by
US Customs/Agencies, such as  Intensive Examination Notice (Stop Sign),  IBET-Exam,  A-TCET-Exam,  USDA-Exam  or  ANY OTHER Exam  and
if your
Bill-of-Lading (BL) / Arrival Notice (AN) is required  ORIGINAL-Bill-of-Lading (OBL),  your  ""Freight Forwarder (ISSUER of  Arrival Notice = Agent of Bill-of-Lading (BL)""
MUST received your   "
"sign/date OBL (any place on OBL)""   from you,   BEFORE your shipment/container could be moved to Exam site,  until then, you maybe paying
Storage Fees/Demurrage fees & other fees.   With or With-OUT exam, your  "
"Freight Forwarder (ISSUER of  Arrival Notice = Agent of Bill-of-Lading (BL)""   MUST receive
"sign/date the OBL (any place on OBL)""  to Freight-Release your shipment to you,  OBL is Consignee/Importer RESPONSIBILITY only. (OBL =  TITLE)

All shipment are
BOUND to Incoterms (PRE-Arranged to US Port/CFS,  BEFORE leaving foreign port). To understand why/who importer MUST pay, BEFORE/ After/ DURING  
shipping, you MUST review Incoterms/ICC/UNCITRAL &  contact   ISSUER of  BL / Arrival Notice.     Customs Broker is Messenger between US Customs & you, ONLY.

glossaryarrivalnotice.html  //  docsarrivalnoticeair.html  //  docsarrivalnoticesea.html  //  docsbillofladingnotifyparty.html  //  docnoticefreightrelease.html
docsairwaybill.html  //  taxdutyhtchtscodeafter2nd.html  //  taxdutyhtchtscodegov.html
US Customs Clearing . com
P:  (213) 270-1930 (CA)    ///    P:  (718) 717-2680 (NY)
P:  (305) 831-4800 (FL)    ///     P:  (210) 787-3480 (TX)
2018 Pacific Coast Hwy,  
Suite #201.  Lomita, CA 90717

Disclaimer, Terms & Conditions (click here)
Dale Dong Young Park, dba A Plus Customs Broker
(Filer Code AEF)

(All our service is Arrangements only)
All our website is for Reference use only)
(ONLY valid contact, with us, are list it here,  all others are invalid)
1. ISF 10+2 (Importer Security Filing)  /  ISF  FAQ. 63 pages  /  (click here)

2. US Local Ports Contact  /  e-Allegations / Anonymous  tips (8663472423)

3. Air Forwarders by Air Forwarders Association  /

4. Ocean Freight Forwarder: Federal Maritime Commission (FMC)

5. Filing a Complaint Freight Forwarder/NVOCC/ etc  with

6. US Government Agencies /

7. For more links to import, export & etc.  Industry.

8. Basic Importing by (Import  requirements 211 pages) &  for others.

9. All Shipment are  Incoterms  (PRE-Arranged,  BEFORE leaving foreign port)

10. Warning:  Also,  Be  aware  of  scam  hijack  emails  &  OTHER  scams.

11. Importers are  RESPONSIBLE for all Laws/fees. US Federal Court (click here)

All our website is Reference use only & our service are Arrangement only.
Please Click: Color (Blue/Red/Purple) on our website for details
1. All importer are BOUND to Incoterms (PRE-Arranged, 72 hours/3 days BEFORE leaving foreign port.  fyi:  to calculate  weight  distribution  of  vessel, carrier manifest & ETC.  
a. Such as: Loading onto vessel (Foreign Forwarder/
Issuer of  Bill-of-Lading), Unloading from vessel (US Forwarder/ Issuer  Arrival  Notice of  LCL/ Full) &  warehouse / Port)
b. By you accepting an
Bill-of-Lading  from your vendors (supplier/factory/shippER/shipping-company), you are BOUND to Incoterms (International Commercial Terms)
c. To understand why/what/who importer
MUST pay,  BEFORE/After/DURING  shipping, importer/buyer MUST know  Incoterms (International Commercial Terms).
Incoterms published by International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)  &  recognized by United Nations Commission on International Trade Law  as Global Common Terms.
e. If you don't know your own
Incoterms, contact  ISSUER of  Bill-of-Lading (aka: Bill-of-Sale) Manufacturers  Contract  Agreement (Your supplier/factory/shippER/shipping-co)
e. If you don't know your own
Incoterms, contact  ISSUER of  Bill-of-Lading (aka: Bill-of-Sale) Manufacturers  Contract  Agreement (Your supplier/factory/shippER/shipping-co)

2. Why  CAN'T   Supplier / Factory / ShippER / Shipping-company  arrange US Domestic Trucking,  ISF Filing  & Customs Entry.
a. Most of Foreign supplier / shippER (ISSUER of Bill-of-Lading) vary
LIMITED contact with Domestic Trucker & Customs Broker
b. Your supplier in business of MFG & Your Shipping-Company in business of shipping,  they are NOT in business of knowing
US Customs rule & regulations, we are.
a. To arrange Sea shipping, arranger must be your supplier or Licenses by (NVOCC / OFF / OTI)  = ISSUER of  Bill-of-Lading / LCL Arrival Notice / Full Arrival Notice.
b. To arrange Air shipping, arranger must be your supplier or Licenses by  
International Air Transport Association (IATA) = ISSUER of  Bill-of-Lading /  Air-Way-Bill (AWB)
c. To arrange Domestic Trucking, arranger must be Licenses by (MC# / DOT#)  / must have "Filer-Code" from US Customs  =  ISSUER of  Pick-Up-bill-of-Lading.
d. To file ISF & Customs Entry (Customs Agent / Customs Broker), filer must have "
Filer-Code" from US Customs = ISSUER of  Customs Release Documents.

3. To Track your shipment (
click here)  & type in your MBL#
a. Example / Compare Arrival Notice (
Air shipment) (Sea LCL shipment) (Sea Full Container shipment) = FEES (Unloading from vessel & moving to warehouse).

NOTE: If you pay your vendor (Supplier/Factory), for shipping cost, you are paying Foreign Labor to arrange your shipping, normally cost is 10-20% cheaper.
Importing Close-Out items Issues:
Do to Underinvoicing occurs with some of the importer & exporter, you need clarified that your shipment is Close-Out.

1. Importer need to provided All the email communications between your supplier/factory & you, that is close-out

2. Importer need to provided how it was paid to supplier, if wired, please email copy.

3. Signed affidavit that you are not relate (No relationship) it to your supplier/factory.

4. Your supplier/factory need to stated why, when & how it became close-out with Signed Affidavit.

5. All info that may help us/US Customs to understand.

6. It may also cause more Exams (click here) on the shipment(s).  Exams could cost $100's and $1,000's, and delaying import/export
shipment(s) for days.

7. US Customs can classifies as  ADD/CVD,

8. For more details (click here)
First 2 HTC/HTS/Harmonized Tariff Code Classification are free, but after 2nd Classification of items, each Classification is $10 each per line.  For Example: IF you are
importing 4 different category items (on your invoice/packing-list/Bill-of-Lading/ISF-Form: 100 apples, 75 Oranges, 50 Toys  &  25 Desks), you will be charge extra $20 for ISF
Filing + other $20 for Customs Clearing Entry Filing.  The Fees are add it to your Invoice.

To AVOIDED HTC/HTS/Harmonized Tariff Code Classification fees, please ask your Factory/Supplier to have it on the Invoice, Packing-List & Bill-of-Lading (BL), if your
Factory/Supplier don't know the HTC/HTS/Harmonzied Tariff Code, you could Look-up your own (
Duty/Tax) HTC/HTS/Harmonized Tariff Code (click here) or call & email US
Customs Import Specialist (
click here).

Also, First 2 factories/suppliers invoice submission are free for Customs Clearing Entry filing, under same Bill-of-Lading(B/L).  
For Example:  IF you are importing from 3 different factories/suppliers with 3 different invoice/packing-list.  First 2 factories/suppliers invoice/packing-list
submission Entry filing are free, But AFTER 2nd invoice/packing-list factory/supplier,  you will be charge $20 per supplier/factory invoice
submission to US Customs as ADDITIONAL INVOICES & will be add on to your Customs Clearing invoice/fees  (
click here)   

MUST described: what materials of each category are made-out-of at invoice, packing-list & bill-of-lading.  For Example: if you are importing 10 of MENS Sweat Shirt ( 80%
Cotton 20% Polyester / HTC# ) /  5 Tablecloth ( 100% polyester / HTC# )  /  20 Desk (stainless steel / HTC# )   Aluminum (Aluminium Ingot / HTC# )  & Etc.  (
click here) for

IF you are buying from
Two different factory/supplier, you could consolidated the shipment under one BL, but you can NOT consolidated under one invoice/packing-list. It
MUST be submitted as 2 different invoice/factory/supplier to US Customs.  Each Bill-of-Lading(B/L) is considered as one shipment & it must be cleared as each BL by US

glossaryarrivalnotice.html  //  docsarrivalnoticeair.html  //  docsarrivalnoticesea.html  //  docsbillofladingnotifyparty.html  
docsairwaybill.html  //  taxdutyhtchtscodeafter2nd.html  //  taxdutyhtchtscodegov.html
The Air Waybill (AWB) is the most important document issued by a carrier either directly or through its authorised agent. It is a non-negotiable transport document. It covers
transport of cargo from airport to airport. By accepting a shipment an IATA cargo agent is acting on behalf of the carrier whose air waybill is issued.

AWBs have eleven digit numbers which can be used to make bookings, check the status of delivery, and current position of the shipment. The number consists of:
1. The first three digits are the airline prefix. Each airline has been assigned a 3-digit number by IATA, so from the prefix we know which airline has issued the document.
2. The next seven digits are the running number/s - one number for each consignment
3. The last digit is what is called the check digit. It is arrived at in the following manner:

The seven digit running numbers are divided by 7, by using a long division calculation. The remainder becomes the check digit. That is why no AWB number ends with a
figure greater than 6. Air waybills are issued in sets of different colours. The first three copies are classified as originals. The first original, blue in colour, is the shipper’s
copy. The second, coloured blue, is retained by the issuing carrier. The third, coloured orange, is the consignee’s copy. A yellow copy acts as the delivery receipt, or proof of
delivery*. The other copies are all white.[1]

There are several purposes that an air waybill serves, but its main functions are:
Contract of Carriage. Behind every original of the AWB are conditions of contract for carriage
Evidence of Receipt of Goods

When the shipper delivers goods to be forwarded, he will get a receipt. The receipt is proof that the shipment was handed over in good order and condition and also that the
shipping instructions, as contained in the Shipper's Letter of Instructions, are acceptable. After completion, an original copy of the air waybill is given to the shipper as
evidence of the acceptance of goods and as proof of contract of carriage
Freight Bill

The air waybill may be used as a bill or invoice together with supporting documents since it may indicate charges to be paid by the consignee, charges due to the agent or
the carrier. An original copy of the air waybill is used for the carrier's accounting
Certificate of Insurance

The air waybill may also serve as an evidence if the carrier is in a position to insure the shipment and is requested to do so by the shipper
Customs Declaration

Although customs authorities require various documents like a commercial invoice, packing list, etc. the air waybill too is proof of the freight amount billed for the goods
carried and may be needed to be presented for customs clearance The format of the air waybill has been designed by IATA and these can be used for both domestic as well
as international transportation. These are available in two forms, viz. the airline logo equipped air waybill and the neutral air waybill. Usually, airline air waybills are distributed
to IATA cargo agents by IATA airlines. The air waybills show:
the carrier's name
its head office address
its logo
the pre printed eleven digit air waybill number

It is also possible to complete an air waybill through a computerised system. Agents all over the world are now using their own in-house computer systems to issue airlines'
and freight forwarders' own air waybills. IATA cargo agents usually hold air waybills of several carriers. However, it gradually became difficult to accommodate these pre-
numbered air waybills with the printed identification in the computer system. Therefore a neutral air waybill was created. Both types of air waybills have the same format and
layout. However, the neutral air waybill does not bear any pre-printed individual name, head office address, logo and serial number

The validity of the Air Waybill

We have seen earlier that the air waybill is a contract i.e. an agreement enforceable by law. To become a valid contract it has to be signed by the shipper or his agent and by
the carrier or its authorised agent. Although the same individual or organisation may act on behalf of both the carrier and the shipper, the air waybill must be signed twice one
each in the respective carrier and shipper boxes. Both signatures may be of the same person. This also implies that the air waybill should be issued immediately upon
receipt of the goods and letter in instructions from the shipper.

As long as the air waybill is neither dated nor signed twice, the goods do not fall within the terms of the conditions of contract and therefore the carrier will not accept any
responsibility for the goods. The validity of the air waybill and thus the contract of carriage expires upon delivery of the shipment to the consignee (or his authorised agent).

Responsibility for Completion

The AWB as we have seen is a contract - an agreement between the shipper and the carrier. The agent only acts as an intermediary between the shipper and carrier. The air
waybill is also a contract of good faith. This means that the shipper will be responsible for the hall also be liable for all the damage suffered by the airline or any person due
to irregularity, incorrectness or incompleteness of insertions on the air waybill, even if the air waybill has been completed by an agent or the carrier on his behalf.

When the shipper signs the AWB or issues the letter of instructions he simultaneously confirms his agreement to the conditions of contract. ≥≥≥≥≥≥≥

Definition of the term Not Negotiable

Waybills are non-negotiable documents unlike bills of lading which are negotiable. The words non-negotiable are printed clearly at the top of the air waybill. This means that
the air waybill is a contract for transportation only and does not represent (the value of) merchandise mentioned in the box nature and quantity of goods. The ocean bill of
lading, if negotiated may represent (the value of) the goods and must be endorsed by the party ultimately accepting the goods. Although the AWB is a non-negotiable
document, it can be used as a means of payment. This can be done only through the intermediary of a bank and only when the carriage is subject to a letter of credit. The air
waybill executed according to the terms of a letter of credit allows the shipper to present the original of the air waybill to the bank and collect the billed value of the shipped
goods from the bank. The amount paid by the bank to the shipper will be debited to the consignee who ordered the goods. At the destination the carrier will only hand over the
goods to the consignee on receipt of a bank release order from the consignee's bankers.

The goods in the air consignment are consigned directly to the party (the consignee) named in the letter of credit (L/C). Unless the goods are consigned to a third party like
the issuing bank, the importer can obtain the goods from the carrier at destination without paying the issuing bank or the consignor. Therefore, unless a cash payment has
been received by the exporter or the buyer's integrity is unquestionable, consigning goods directly to the importer is risky.[2]

For air consignment to certain destinations, it is possible to arrange payment on a COD (cash on delivery) basis and consign the goods directly to the importer. The goods
are released to the importer only after the importer makes the payment and complies with the instructions in the AWB.

In air freight, the exporter (the consignor) often engages a freight forwarder or consolidator to handle the forwarding of goods. The consignor provides a Shipper's Letter of
Instructions which authorizes the forwarding agent to sign certain documents (e.g. the AWB) on behalf of the consignor.

The AWB must indicate that the goods have been accepted for carriage, and it must be signed or authenticated by the carrier or the named agent for or on behalf of the
carrier. The signature or authentication of the carrier must be identified as carrier, and in the case of agent signing or authenticating, the name and the capacity of the carrier
on whose behalf the agent signs or authenticates must be indicated.

International AWBs that contain consolidated cargo are called master air waybills (MAWB). MAWBs have additional papers called house air waybills (HAWB). Each HAWB
contains information of each individual shipment (consignee, contents, etc.) within the consolidation. International AWBs that are not consolidated (only one shipment in one
bill) are called simple AWBs. A house air waybill can also be created by a freight forwarder. When the shipment is booked, the airline issues a MAWB to the forwarder, who in
turn issues their own house air waybill to the customer.[2]

[edit] House and Master AWBs and BLs

A freight forwarder offering a consolidation service, will issue its own air waybill or bill of lading. From now on AWB will be used to refer to both. This is called a Forwarder's or
House AWB with its equivalent House BL. These act as contracts of carriage between the shipper and the forwarder, who in this case becomes a Deemed Carrier. The
forwarder in turn enters into contracts with one or more carriers, often using more than one mode of transportation. The contract of carriage between the forwarder and carrier
is called a Master Air Way Bill ( MAWB or MBL). A House Air Waybill (HAWB) or Bill of Lading (HBL) could act as a multimodal transport document.

Air Waybill Number

The AWB number has 11 digits and 3 parts.
The first 3 digits are the Airline Prefix[3]
The next 7 digits is the Serial Number of the AWB
The last digit is the Check digit The check digit is derived by dividing the 7 digit Serial Number by 7. The remainder determines the Check Digit. Example: Serial Number
8114074 divided by 7 is 1159153 remainder 3. Therefore the Serial Number + Check Digit is 81140743

Importers are responsible for all fees, US Laws & International Laws.
1. Air Way Bill / AWB:  
Page 2, 3 & 4  Split shipment
.          a. IF Air shipment Directly with Airline, they will be issuing Air-Way-Bill / AWB (99%)
.          b. But, IF Export Freight Forwarder has issued Bill-of-Lading,  your Import Freight Forwarder will be issuing Airline Air-Way-Bill / AWB  &  Arrival Notice.
.          c. Split ship is charge double, also clearing time will take triple or quadruple of the time normal shipment.
.          d. (Example/look below #1, 2 & 3:   Out of 125 boxes, only 93 got on Airline 10 29 2015,   other 32 was 2 days later 10 31 2015)
Page 2, 3 & 4  Split shipment
.          a. IF Air shipment Directly with Airline, they will be issuing Air-Way-Bill / AWB (99%)
.          b. But, IF Export Freight Forwarder has issued Bill-of-Lading,  your Import Freight Forwarder will be issuing Airline Air-Way-Bill / AWB  &  Arrival Notice.
.          c. Split ship is charge double, also clearing time will take triple or quadruple of the time normal shipment.
.          d. (Example/look below #1, 2 & 3:   Out of 125 boxes, only 93 got on Airline 10 29 2015,   other 32 was 2 days later 10 31 2015)
Page 2, 3 & 4  Split shipment
.          a. IF Air shipment Directly with Airline, they will be issuing Air-Way-Bill / AWB (99%)
.          b. But, IF Export Freight Forwarder has issued Bill-of-Lading,  your Import Freight Forwarder will be issuing Airline Air-Way-Bill / AWB  &  Arrival Notice.
.          c. Split ship is charge double, also clearing time will take triple or quadruple of the time normal shipment.
.          d. (Example/look below #1, 2 & 3:   Out of 125 boxes, only 93 got on Airline 10 29 2015,   other 32 was 2 days later 10 31 2015)